002  Allah (swt) introduced Himself in detail

Dear Readers,

In my previous article, I stated that Allah (swt) corrected all the wrong information and comments about Him with the last book that was sent to human through His Messengers.

Quran gave a true and real insight that is appropriate to the facts to attributes of Allah besides correcting the wrong "God" comments of the previous periods.

"All that is on earth will perish: But will abide (forever) the Face of thy Lord,- full of Majesty, Bounty and Honor." [Rahman, 26-27]

"He is the First and the Last, the Evident and the Hidden: and He has full knowledge of all things." [Hadíd, 3]

"Allah is He, than Whom there is no other god;- Who knows (all things) both secret and open; He, Most Gracious, Most Merciful." [Hashr, 22]

# The real owner of the universe

Allah (swt) is unique in power and strength. Allah (swt) is the source of all peace and perfection. Allah (swt) is the One who is free from all imperfections and defects.

"Allah is He, than Whom there is no other god;- the Sovereign, the Holy One, the Source of Peace (and Perfection), the Guardian of Faith, the Preserver of Safety, the Exalted in Might, the Irresistible, the justly Proud. Glory to Allah! (High is He) above the partners they attribute to Him." [Hashr, 23]

"He is Allah, the Creator, the Originator, the Fashioner. To Him belong the Most Beautiful Names: whatever is in the heavens and on earth, doth declare His Praises and Glory: and He is the Exalted in Might, the Wise." [Hashr, 24]

"He is the Living (One): There is no god but He. Call upon Him, giving Him sincere devotion. Praise be to Allah, Lord of the Worlds!" [Mu'min, 65]

"No vision can grasp Him, but His grasp is over all vision: He is Subtle well-aware (of all things)." [Anaam, 103]

Dear Readers, there are many other verses Quran that explain Allah (swt). Most of the verses were explained with hadiths of Rasulullah (s.a.w) and the uncertain issues became clear with the interpretations of Islamic scholars and glossators. Now there are no hesitations about the creator, ruler, owner, and educator of the worlds. The people who have hesitations are uncertain because they do not pay attention to Allah (swt) and try to reach the knowledge.

Of course, the most valuable knowledge that a person can have is "Marifatullah" which means "knowledge of Allah (swt)". A person who does not have knowledge about Allah (swt) cannot understand any other relative reality properly. The source of knowing Allah (Swt) is Quran. We must know Allah (swt) according to the definition in Quran given by Allah (swt). Otherwise, everyone can make up a "God" definition.

# The distinctive attributes of Allah (Swt)

Dear Readers,

Allah (swt) had provided information about Himself with hundreds of his qualities as He ordered in Quran and defined Himself as to clear all the hesitations.

Allah (swt) bestowed some of His attributes to human and other creatures as being alive, seeing, hearing, knowing, talking, having power and strength, organizing, managing and some of the ethical attributes as mercy, compassion, justice, goodness, kindness and patience partially in order to make them know Allah (swt) better.

On the other hand, some of the attributes of Allah (swt) does not exist in any known or unknown, visible or invisible creatures. These are Personal Attributes of Allah (swt). The divine attributes of Allah (swt) are existence (Wujud), pre-eternity, eternal existence in the past (Qidam), eternity, immortality (Baqa), Oneness, having no partner (Wahdaniyyah), the continuation of His existence stems from nothing but Himself (Qiyam bi nafseehee), and His essence and attributes do not resemble those of His creatures (Mukhalafatun lil hawadith). These attributes are the distinctive characteristics of Allah (swt). Believing that the other creatures have these attributes or qualifying created things with these attributes are resulted from not knowing Allah (swt) correctly and exactly and inability to comprehend the divine order created by Allah (swt) adequately. Such a behavior is to hide the truth, and unbelief. Therefore, all of the believers must be aware of these in a best way.

# None of the characteristics of Allah (swt) are like the ones He created

Dear Readers,

Indeed, none of the characteristics of Allah (swt) are like the ones He created because Allah (swt) is absolute, perfect and eternal. Therefore, the attributes of Allah (swt) are also absolute, perfect, and eternal. The other creatures are created by Allah (swt) and they are relative and temporary, and their existences are dependent of Allah (swt). Their existences are at imagination level. The features of the creatures that are created afterwards are defined and created by Allah (Swt) according to their creation purposes and needs as their existence. Therefore, comparing their characteristics to attributes of Allah (Swt) will not be appropriate. It is ordered in the verses from the Quran that:

"Invent not similitudes for Allah. for Allah knoweth, and ye know not." [Nahl, 74]

Just as a real thing and a dream or view cannot be compared, all the created worlds, which are at imagination level, cannot be compared to Allah (swt) which is an absolute reality. Human beings are aware of the absolute reality after they die.

"All that is on earth will perish: But will abide (forever) the Face of thy Lord,- full of Majesty, Bounty and Honor." [Rahman, 26-27]

"On that Day Allah will pay them back (all) their just dues, and they will realize that Allah is the (very) Truth, that makes all things manifest." [Nur, 25]

Be entrusted to Allah.

Dr. Ismail Ulukus


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