014  The human is not left undisciplined

Dear Readers,

Allah (swt) did not leave human, whom He bestowed with reason and will, undisciplined after He created them. All works and words of human are recorded and kept by angels. It is ordered in the verses from the Quran that:

"But verily over you (are appointed angels) to protect you, -Kind and honorable,- writing down (your deeds): They know all that ye do." [Infitar, 10-12]

"It was We Who created man, and We know what suggestions his soul makes to him: for We are nearer to him than (his) jugular vein. Behold, two (guardian angels) appointed to learn (his doings) learn (and note them), one sitting on the right and one on the left. Not a word does he utter but there is a vigilant Guardian." [Qaf, 16-18]

After death, people are questioned by two angels named Munkar and Nakir. The fact that teaching on the grave eases the questioning is also clear from the below hadith:

"When one of you dies and is buried, one of you may say, Remember that you accepted the oneness of Allah, Mohammed (s.a.w.) is His servant and Messenger. Remember you accepted Allah (Swt) as the creator, Islam as the religion and Quran as Imam, when you left the world!" Munkar and Nakir angels say 'Let's leave here. Because we do not have to stand by the person whose religion is commanded to." [Daylami, Ibni Asakir]

Allah (swt) created the worlds with His mercy. Allah's mercy is always on the worlds. It is stated in the verse of Quran that:

"What Allah out of His Mercy doth bestow on mankind none can withhold: what He doth withhold, none can grant, apart from Him: and He is the Exalted in Power, Full of Wisdom." [Fatir, 2]

# Angels of mercy

The angels who convey the mercy of Allah (swt) to the human are called Angels of Mercy. It is ordered in the hadith that:

"Angels (of Mercy) do not enter a house wherein there is a dog or a picture of a living creature." [Abu Dawud, Nasai]

Allah (swt) has a lot of mercies; but His rages and punishments are also very violent. The angels perform the punishments. It is ordered in the verses of Qaf surah which state the Hereafter status:

• And the stupor of death will come in truth: "This was the thing which thou wast trying to escape!"
• And the Trumpet shall be blown: that will be the Day whereof Warning (had been given).
• And there will come forth every soul: with each will be an (angel) to drive, and an (angel) to bear witness.
• (It will be said:) "Thou wast heedless of this; now have We removed thy veil, and sharp is thy sight this Day!"
• And his Companion will say: "Here is (his Record) ready with me!"
• (The sentence will be:) "Throw, both of you, into Hell every contumacious Rejecter (of Allah)!-
• "Who forbade what was good, transgressed all bounds, cast doubts and suspicions;
• "Who set up another god beside Allah: throw him into a severe chastisement."
• His Companion will say: "Our Lord! I did not make him transgress, but he was (himself) far astray."
• He will say: "Dispute not with each other in My Presence: I had already in advance sent you Warning.
• "The Word changes not with Me, and I do not the least injustice to My Servants."
[Qaf, 19-29]

Angels pray for the faithful people who are good to people teaching goodness to others and show honour to others in the world:

"Angels pray for any of you to be forgiven by Allah (Swt) while you are ritually clean." [Hakim]

”The thousands of angels pray for the believer who meets one's need." [Ibn Majah]

"Angels pray for those who teaches goodness to others." [Tirmidhi]

"Angels pray for the host as long as the guest is at the dining table." [Tabarani]

Dear Readers, believing in angels is one of the pillars of a true and perfect belief. Therefore, we must believe what Rasulullah ordered us on the subject. We must not try to understand Hereafter by comparing with the situations of world.

# Mature person is superior than the angels

Dear Readers,

A person with true and perfect belief, who obeys His pr]ohibitions and orders with sincere belief and surrender, is the caliph of Allah (swt) in the world and superior than the angels.

"According to Ahl al-Sunnah, the prophets who were chosen amongst people are superior than the archangels who are the prophets of angels. ... The archangels are superior than all of the people except prophets; the righteous believers, martyrs, the people who perform good deeds and obey the rules of religion are superior to other angels. Other angels superior to unbelievers, factious and immoral people."[1]

Dear Readers, all perfections of the humanity is present in Rasulullah (s.a.w.) and Rasulullah became the maturity example for all people. Briefly, Rasulullah represents the most advanced point of creation, honorable human being. The hadith ordered that:

"I would not have created the universe if you do not exist." [Daylami]

"Ya Adam! Indeed Muhammad is more beloved to me than anything and when you asked me for his sake, I pardoned you. If Muhammad was not in existence, I would not have created you." [Hakim]

"Ya Rasulullah, I made you beloved and I befriended with Ibrahim. I have not created any creature more beloved to Me than you. I created the world and the people of world to make others know your highest level for Me. "I would not have created the universe if you do not exist." [Al-Mawahibu al-ladunniyye]

This is certainly because the divine mercy light appeared in the best way in the exemplary life of Rasulullah who was in the highest level of belief and surrender to Allah (swt).

# Getting benefits from the mercy is left to free will of the human

Getting benefits from the mercy is totally left to free will of the human. Anyone who believes in and surrenders Allah (swt) can benefit from this mercy light, by entering divine educating system of Allah and acquiring His virtues such as patience, compassion, forgiveness, fairness, at the rate of his faith and surrender. They become good servants of Allah.

Allah (swt) who is the most merciful always helps good servants. Allah (swt) helps the human both with angels' inspirations that direct human to good and their prayers and protections:

"Those who bear the Throne (of Allah), and those around it Sing Glory and Praise to their Lord; believe in Him; and implore Forgiveness for those who believe: "Our Lord! Thy embracest all things, in Mercy and Knowledge. Forgive, then, those who turn in Repentance, and follow Thy Path; and preserve them from the Chastisement of the Blazing Fire!" [Mumin, 7]

"And grant, our Lord! that they enter the Gardens of Eternity, which Thou hast promised to them, and to the righteous among their fathers, their wives, and their posterity! For Thou art (He), the Exalted in Might, Full of Wisdom." [Mumin, 8]

"And preserve them from (all) ills; and any whom Thou dost preserve from ills that Day,- on them wilt Thou have bestowed Mercy indeed: and that will be truly the highest Achievement." [Mumin, 9]

# A person must have a true and perfect belief

Dear Readers, we must be good servants who have perfect belief, in order to benefit from the prayers, which are stated in Quran. We must not be an unbeliever. Allah (swt) ordered to unbelievers that:

"The Unbelievers will be addressed: "Greater was the aversion of Allah to you than (is) your aversion to yourselves, seeing that ye were called to the Faith and ye used to refuse." [Mumin, 10]

"They will say: "Our Lord! twice hast Thou made us to die, and twice hast Thou given us Life! Now have we recognized our sins: is there any way out (of this)?" [Mumin, 11]

"(The answer will be:) "This is because, when Allah was invoked as the Only (object of worship), ye did reject Faith, but when partners were joined to Him, ye believed! the Command is with Allah, Most High, Most Great!" [Mumin, 12]

Dear readers, the last verse of Quran once more clearly states the importance of tawhid (Oneness of Allah) belief for a correct and perfect faith. Therefore, one must never harm this basic belief essence, which is the core of the religion.

Be entrusted to Allah.

Dr. Ismail Ulukus

[1] Anonymous, 1998. Ilmihal, 1.Iman ve Ibadetler. Turkiye Diyanet Vakfi Islam Aras.Mrk.